Building Materials And Construction Multiple Choice Question

Multiple-Choice Questions related to Civil Engineering, Building Materials, And Construction related multiple-choice questions. For Electrical Engineering MCQs see Basic Electrical Engineering MCQ

Building Materials And Construction


Quartzite is a ??

a. aqueous rock
b. calcareous rock
c. argillaceous rock
d. silicious rock


Which of the following is a mineral ??

a. syenite
b. quartz
c. granite
d. basalt


The stone suitable for rubble masonry should be ??

a. light
b. heavy
c. tough
d. hard


Gypsum is a ??

a. metamorphic rock
b. chemically precipitated sedimentary rock
c. igneous rock
d. mechanically formed sedimentary rock


Which of the following metamorphic rocks has the most weather resisting characteristics ??

a. limestone
b. slate
c. quartzite
d. marble


The important test to be conducted on a stone used in docks and harbors is ??

a. hardness test
b. weight test
c. workability test
d. hardness test


Which of the following is a rock ??

a. gypsum
b. mica
c. quartz
d. none of the above


Granite is not suitable for ordinary building purposes because ??

a. it has less crushing strength
b. it is costly
c. it is not a fireproof material
d. it can not be polished


Slate is formed by metamorphic action on ??

a. granite
b. sandstone
c. lime stone
d. shale


 The preparation of the surface of the stone to obtain plain edges or to obtain stones of required size and shape is known as ??

a. dressing of stones
b. seasoning of stones
c. blasting of stones
d. quarrying of stones


MCQs Building Materials


Which of the following has more fire-resisting characteristics ??

a. compact sandstone
b. granite
c. lime stone
d. marble


Based on the following rocks and minerals, select the correct statement, quartz, shale, basalt, granite, marble, gypsum, mica ??

a. quartz and mica are minerals
b. granite is the only igneous rock
c. there is no sedimentary rock
d. basalt and marble are the only metamorphic rocks


The predominant constituent which is responsible for strength in granite is ??

a. mica
b. feldspar
c. quartz
d. none of the above


Which of the following stone is best suited for the construction of piers and abutments of a railway bridge ??

a. quartzite
b. limestone
c. sand stone
d. granite


A jumper is a tool used for ??

a. quarrying of stones
b. dressing of stones
c. testing of stones
d. none of the above


Specific gravity for most of the building stones lies between ??

a. 3.0 to 3.5
b. 2.5 to 3.0
c. 2.0 to 2.5
d. 1.5 to 2.0


 A good building stone should not absorb water more than ??

a. 20%
b. 15%
c. 10%
d. 5%


 Crosscut saw is used for ??

a. dressing stones
b. cutting large blocks of stones
c. cutting hard stones
d. cutting soft stones


Which of the following sedimentary rocks changes into quartzite by metamorphic action ??

a. gypsum
b. shale
c. lime stone
d. sandstone


Sandstone is a ??

i. sedimentary rock
ii. aqueous rock
iii. silicious rock

The correct answer is ??

a. all (i), (ii), and (iii)
b. both (i) and (iii)
c. both (i) and (ii)
d. only (i)


Building Materials And Construction


Assertion A: Shishum is used for decorative woodwork. Reason R: Shishum can be polished to an excellent finish. Select your answer according to the coding system given below ??

a. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
b. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A
c. A is true but R is false
d. A is false but R is true


The crushing strength of a good building stone should be more than ??

a. 200 MPa
b. 150 MPa
c. 100 MPa
d. 50 MPa


 The moisture content in a well-seasoned timber is ??

a. 100%
b. 15% to 20%
c. 10% to 12%
d. 4% to 6%


Spalling hammer is used for ??

a. breaking small projection of stones
b. carving of stones
c. rough dressing of stones
d. driving wooden-headed chisels


Plywood has the advantage of ??

a. same tensile strength in all directions
b. greater tensile strength in shorter direction
c. greater tensile strength in longer direction
d. none of the above


Which of the following timbers is suitable for making sports goods ??

a. deodar
b. sal
c. mahogany
d. mulberry


The plywood ??

a. cannot be bent more easily than ordinary wood of the same thickness
b. has greater impact resistance to blows than ordinary wood
c. can be spilled in the plane of the panel
d. has good strength along with the panel only


Sapwood consists of ??

a. thin fiber which extends from the pith outwards and holds the annular rings together
b. thin layers below the bark
c. portion of timber between heartwood and cambium layer
d. innermost annular rings around the pith


First class timber has an average life of ??

a. more than 10 years
b. 5 to 10 years
c. 1 to 5 years
d. less than one year


In which of the following pairs both trees yield soft wood ??

a. chir and deodar
b. sal and teak
c. chir and sal
d. deodar and shishum


Building Materials And Construction


The main function of alumina in brick earth is ??

a. to make the brick impermeable
b. to prevent shrinkage
c. to make the brick durable
d. to impart plasticity


Which of the following trees yields hardwood ??

a. pine
b. shishum
c. chir
d. deodar


A first-class brick when immersed in cold water for 24 hours should not absorb water more than ??

a. 25%
b. 22%
c. 20%
d. 15%


The radial splits which are wider on the outside of the log and narrower towards the pith are known as ??

a. rindgalls
b. star shakes
c. cupcakes
d. heart shakes


Plywood is made by bonding together thin layers of wood in such a way that the angle between grains of any layer to grains of adjacent layers is ??

a. 90°
b. 45°
c. 30°
d. 0°


The disease of dry rot in timber is caused by ??

a. complete submergence in water
b. alternate wet and dry conditions
c. lack of ventilation
d. none of the above


The trunk of the tree left after cutting all the branches is known as ??

a. baulk
b. plank
c. batten
d. log


 In which of the following directions, the strength of timber is maximum ??

a. same in all directions
b. perpendicular to grains
c. 45° to grains
d. parallel to grains


The practical limit of moisture content achieved in air drying of timber is ??

a. 35%
b. 25%
c. 15%
d. 5%


Which of the following represents a metamorphic rock? (1) slate (2) shale (3) quartzite . The correct answer is ??

a. all (1), (2), and (3)
b. both (2) and (3)
c. both (1) and (3)
d. only (3)


Building Materials And Construction


Which of the following bricks are used for the lining furnaces ??

a. first-class bricks
b. refractory bricks
c. underburnt bricks
d. overburnt bricks


The crushing strength of a first-class brick should not be less than ??

a. 14.0 N/mm2
b. 10.5 N/mm2
c. 7.0 N/mm2
d. 3.5 N/mm2


A pug mill is used for ??

a. burning of bricks
b. drying of bricks
c. molding of clay
d. preparation of clay


The age of a tree can be known by examining ??

a. heartwood
b. medullary rays
c. annular rings
d. cambium layer


Which of the following pairs gives a correct combination of the useful and harmful constituents respectively of good brick earth ??

a. alkalies and magnesium
b. alumina and iron
c. silica and alkalies
d. limestone and alumina


Excess of alumina in brick earth makes the brick ??

a. to crack and warp on drying
b. to lose cohesion
c. brittle and weak
d. impermeable


The frog of the brick in brick masonry is generally kept on ??
a. longer side
b. shorter side
c. top face
d. bottom face


Percentage of silica in good brick earth lies between ??

a. 70 to 80%
b. 50 to 60%
c. 20 to 30%
d. 5 to 10%


The advantage of a clamp compared to a kiln for burning bricks is that ??

a. it is suitable when bricks are required in large numbers
b. it has less initial cost
c. it gives more output of first-class bricks
d. it takes less time for burning


The percentage of alumina in good brick earth lies between ??

a. 70 to 80%
b. 50 to 60%
c. 20 to 30%
d. 5 to 10%

Building Materials And Construction


The number of bricks required for one cubic meter of brick masonry is ??

a. 550
b. 500
c. 450
d. 400


The nominal size of the modular brick is ??

a. 200 mm x 200 mm x 100 mm
b. 200 mm x 100 mm x 100 mm
c. 190 mm x 190 mm x 90 mm
d. 190 mm x 90mmx 80 mm


Quick lime is ??

a. calcium oxide
b. calcium hydroxide
c. calcium carbonate
d. none of the above


Excess of silica in brick earth results in ??

a. loss of cohesion
b. enhancing the impermeability of bricks
c. cracking and warping of bricks
d. none of the above


Quick lime is (1) slow in setting (2) rapid in slacking (3) good in strength The correct answer is ??

a. both (2) and (3)
b. both (1) and (2)
c. only (2)
d. only (1)


Which of the following ingredients of the brick earth enables the brick to retain its shape ??

a. magnesia
b. iron
c. silica
d. alumina


Glazing is used to make earthenware ??

a. impervious
b. porous
c. soft
d. hard


The process of mixing clay, water, and other ingredients to make brick is known as ??

a. drying
b. pugging
c. molding
d. kneading


Hydraulic lime is obtained by ??

a. calcination of pure clay
b. adding water to quick lime
c. burning of kankar
d. burning of limestone


The internal size of mold used in brick preparation is ??

a. greater than the size of a fully burnt brick
b. smaller than the size of a fully burnt brick
c. equal to the size of a fully burnt brick
d. none of the above

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